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GUIDE

USA Guide 



 In this guide you will find information about USA history, economics, politics, geography, transportation, main restaurants, highlights, ID, cities etc.

  1. GENERALITIES
  2. AMERICAN HOLIDAYS
  3. ECONOMICS, DOLLAR, CREDIT CARD
  4. DEMOGRAPHICS, MAIN CITIES
  5. VISAS
  6. ID
  7. TRANSPORTATION, MAIN RESTAURANTS
  8. WEBCAM USA


1. GENERALITIES

Although the United States has no official language at the federal level, English is the de facto national language.

Capital: Washington, DC

 

Latitude: 38*53' N

Longitude: 77*02' V

Largest city: New York

President: George W. Bush Jr.

Vice president: Dick Cheney

Political system: Federal Constitutional Republic

Area

- Total 9.631.418 km2
- % water 4,87%

Population: 302,038,000 (estimated in 2007)

- Total 281.421.906
(census 2000)
- Density 31/km2

Independence: declared on July4  1776/ recognized on September3 1783

GDP

- Total 12,229,276$ millions
- GDP/per capita. 43,444$ 

Currency: US Dollar  ($)

Time zone:

multiple / from UTC -5 to UTC -10

Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner

Internet domain: .gov .edu .mil .us .um

Calling code: +1

2. HOLIDAYS

 

New Year's Day January 1
Martin Luther King Day third Monday in January
Presidents' Day third Monday in February
Memorial Day last Monday in May
Independence Day July 4
Labor Day first Monday in September
Columbus Day second Monday in October
Veterans' Day second Monday in November
Thanksgiving Day fourth Thursday in November
Christmas Day December 25

3. ECONOMICS, US DOLLAR, CREDIT CARD

Wall Street, New York reflects the USA global status as a huge financial power in the world.

The United States has a capitalist mixed economy, which is fueled by abundant natural resources, a well-developed infrastructure, and high productivity. Big corporations and other smaller companies make up the major decisions at the microeconomic level.

In 2005 the median income per capita was $43,318.
The cost of living varies based on the State, population starting with 2000 $ up to 4000 $/ a month.

 USD (US DOLLAR)

The USD is the currency in the USA. It is abbreviated $ or alternatively US$ to distinguish from other countries currencies which use this sign too ($). The USD is divided into 100 cents. It was settled as national currency at the USA Congress on July6 1785, and became the most used currency in the world.

Credit card:

The credit card is a card issued by a bank which allows its customers to buy services or goods as a loan though the credit card. It can be used anywhere: in stores, at ATMs, or online. Prestigious banks like City Bank, Chase, Wells Fargo, National City Bank, Bank of America offer credit cards for whoever is interested.

4. DEMOGRAPHICS

USA demographics show a predominant urban population, over 75% of the total population lives in the cities or suburbs. The most populous cities are now in the South and the West of the USA, California and Texas being the most populous of all the states.

In 2006, the total population was of 298,976,032 people. Population increases slowly. Births, supplemented by immigrations help maintain a young population.

The USA population tripled along the 20th century and in 1900 it counted about 76 millions people.

The most populous incorporated places in the USA in 2000:

  1.  
    1. New York 8,017,078
    2. Los Angeles, California 3,703,930
    3. Chicago, Illinois 2,895,444
    4. Houston, Texas 1,958,258
    5. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1,513,684
    6. Phoenix, Arizona 1,325,715
    7. San Diego, California 1,228,196
    8. Dallas, Texas 1,190,334
    9. San Antonio, Texas 1,154,897
    10. San Jose, California 945,00

5. INFORMATION ABOUT VISAS

Message from the President:

America is not a fortress. We are a free country, we are an open society. We have the duty to defend our citizens rights, who go by the law. People from all over the world are welcome to come here: businessmen, students, tourists. 

The official site of the US Government: www.unitedstatesvisas.gov

The official site of the American Embassy in Bucharest: www.usembassy.ro

6. HOW TO APPLY FOR AN ID AND DRIVER'S LICENSE

www.dmv.org

ID:

The ministry of Transportation issues IDs for people of any ages. The ID looks like a driver's license, but you can only identify yourself with it. It is valid 6 years; IDs for seniors (62 years or older) are valid 10 years.

How do you apply for an ID?

You need to do the following:

Go to your closest DMV office, make an appointment, fill in DL44 (no copies), leave a digital imprint. You also need your SSN card, which will be checked by a representative and pay a fee. Seniors are exempt of any fees.

Check your mailing address as the new Id will be sent by mail in 60 days.

SSN: (Social Security Number)

How do you apply for SSN?

https://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/display?theme=23

Application is free of charge?You need to fill in SS-5 form.

You also need the following documents:

-your status from the Immigration office

-your work status (copy of Notice of Action for H2B visa, copy of DS2019 for J1 visa)

-valid passport

When your application is ready hand it in at the local SS administration.

Useful links:
www.socialsecurity.gov
https://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/display?theme=23

INFORMATION ABOUT DRIVER'S LICENSE:

At https://www.usadmv.org/index.html you can chose the state you live in and see how to get a driver's license there.

 In order to drive any vehicle in the USA you need a driver's license. The driver's license authorized by the Ministry of transportation is your ID in case a police officer stops you in the traffic. It is very important to always have it with you. It shows your picture and an identification number.

 If you are 18 years old or more, this is what you need to do to get your driver's license:

Go to your closest DMV office, make an appointment, fill in DL44 (no copies), leave a digital imprint. You also need your SSN card, which will be checked by a representative and pay a fee. Give your correct complete name. You will be submitted to an opthalmologic test. You will have to pass a written exam of 36 questions about traffic and signs; you stand 3 chances to pass it.

Here is a sample of test: https://www.dmv.ca.gov/pubs/interactive/tdrive/exam.htm

You will be issue a driver's license. For the driving practice, you have to be accompanied by an adult of 18 or more, who has a driver's license. It is illegal to drive by yourself during this practice period.

If you already have a driver's license issued in another country  you need to pass a practical test only.

For this you need to make an appointment and prove you have sufficient furnaces.

After you pass the driving test you will have a temporary driver's license, valid 60 days, until you get your permanent driver's license.

How do you apply for a CDL?

People under 18 are not allowed to apply for CDL (trucks, school buses).

You you want to drive in the USA take into consideration that every state has its own traffic rules. The do not vary too much from state to state, but you should know the private rules.

 Speed limit:

The sapped limit is almost everywhere 110 km/ h with the exemption of places where the speed limit is mentioned.

Seat belts:

In almost all the states it is compulsory to put your seat belt as a driver or sitting next to the driver's place. Car seats for children are a must in every state.

When you drive a motorcycle you have to wear a cap.

You can find maps at:

https://www.usatourist.com/english/tips/maps.html

Rent a Car agencies:

Advantage: www.arac.com

Alamo: www.alamo.com

Avis: www.avis.com

Budget: www.budgetrentacar.com

Dollar: www.dollar.com

Enterprise: www.enterprise.com

E-Z Rent-A-Car: www.e-zrentacar.com

Fox Rent A Car: www.foxrentacar.com

Hertz: www.hertz.com

National: www.nationalcar.com

Payless: www.PaylessCarRental.com

Rent a Wreck: www.rent-a-wreck.com

Thrifty: www.thrifty.com

7. TRANSPORTATION AND RESTAURANTS IN THE USA

The USA have an impressive number of highways. You can also chose to travel by these companies:

https://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=Amtrak/HomePage

https://www.busstation.net/busus/bususae.htm

Restaurants and food:

Helpful information about American food: https://www.usatourist.com/english/tips/food.html 

Here are some ideas and suggestion about how to have a good meal at a good price.

Fast food type meals can be found throughout the USA and the price is low. Various sandwiches, hamburgers, with chicken or veal. Pizza is popular too. Look for the "value meals" where you get a hamburger, French fries and a soda at a better price. You can refill your soda glass. Big sandwiches are available too. Thus you can have breakfast with 3 $ and dinners with 5$.

The stores are open from early in the morning till late at night, some of them NON STOP. You will find anything you want. They are cheap and they also serve breakfast or snacks at good prices.

Supermarkets sell various stuff. Take advantage of discounts, special offers. Some are open 24h/day.

8. WEBCAMS DIN USA

https://www.earthcam.com/network/index.php?country=us&page=NY

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Buna ziua tuturor celor interesati de H2B, contracte in domeniul carausilor de mobila

Dorim sa va anuntam, ca din pacate, epidemia Covid a afectat si acest sector, si deocamdata, in continuare NU se poate aplica pentru viza de munca temporara in acest domeniu! Va rugam sa aveti rabdare si in in acelasi timp incredere, AGENTIA va va anunta cand si cum se vor relua procedurile pt aplicare pt viza H2B.

Ambasada nu proceseaza dosare, decat pt unele exceptii, din sectorul H2B fiind aprobate doar petitiile din sectorul Food Processing!

Va multumim pentru intelegere!